What Is Silvi Pasture System?


Silvopasture is the deliberate integration of trees and grazing livestock operations on the same land. These systems are intensively managed for both forest products and forage, providing both short- and long-term income sources.

What does silvopastoral mean?

Silvopasture is the practice of combining forestry and grazing of domesticated animals in a mutually beneficial way. … Perhaps the oldest agroforestry system used in the temperate regions of the world, silvopastoral systems are characterized by integrating trees with forage and livestock production.

Why is Silvopasture important?

Silvopasture has many benefits, including: Pasture grasses and legumes seeded in the area help reduce erosion, provide high quality forage and decrease unwanted trees and brush.

What are the benefits of rotational grazing?

  • Increased forage production. …
  • Increased soil fertility. …
  • Increased resistance to drought. …
  • Less wasting of forage. …
  • Soil compaction. …
  • Control less desirable plants. …
  • Extending the grazing season by limit feeding dry ewes or early gestation ewes. …
  • Saving the best forage for the class of sheep that needs it the most.

What is Agrisilviculture?

Agri-silviculture is a production technique which combines the growing of agricultural crops with simultaneously raised and protected forest crops. … A similar practice involving forest villagers and tribesmen is known as the “taungya system” in Asia.

What are the benefits of silvopastoral system?

As an alternatives, silvopastoral systems can be successfully implemented because they can provide several benefits: animal comfort and productivity, litter supply, nutrient cycling, water infiltration, soil bulk density, soil fauna, and biodiversity .

How is afforestation done?

Afforestation is the process of introducing trees and tree seedlings to an area that has previously not been forested. Afforestation can be done through tree planting and seeding, naturally or artificially. … Reforestation is the alteration of a non-forested area to a forested area through tree planting and seeding.

Which system is also known as subsistence farming?

Subsistence farming, form of farming in which nearly all of the crops or livestock raised are used to maintain the farmer and the farmer’s family, leaving little, if any, surplus for sale or trade. Preindustrial agricultural peoples throughout the world have traditionally practiced subsistence farming.

What is pasture cropping?

What is pasture cropping? Pasture cropping involves sowing winter crops into summer-active perennial pastures to improve year-round production. In south-west Victoria, however, the predominantly winter rainfall and winter-active pastures mean autumn-sown cereals compete with pasture growth.

Why is silvopasture bad?

A final and serious drawback that silvopasture shares with other land-based carbon storage practices is that this stored carbon can be lost if the land is degraded, which can happen due to human mismanagement but also as a result of climate change itself.

What are the benefits of alley cropping?

Alley cropping can have many ecological and economical benefits.

  • Reduced soil erosion. …
  • Improved crop performance. …
  • Reduced use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. …
  • Minimized nitrogen leaching. …
  • Promotion of biodiversity.

What is the difference between Silvi pasture and Agri Silvi horti pastural system?

This leads to a simple classification of agro forestry systems as given below. Agri silvi cultural – Crops and trees including shrubs / vines / tress. Silvi pastorl – Pastures / animals and trees. Silvi Horti pastoral – Trees / fruit species / animal / pastures.

What is horti pasture?

Growing fodder grass for cattle along with fruit trees or growing fruit trees while rearing cattle is known as horti-pastoral farming.

What are the types of agroforestry?

There are three basic types of Agroforestry systems viz: Agrisilviculture (Crops + trees), silvopastoral (Pasture/animal + trees); and Agrosilvopastoral (crops + pasture + trees).

Why is afforestation bad?

For example, in some water-stressed areas, afforestation has put further pressure on water resources. In areas ill-suited to growing trees, money and resources have been wasted on annual planting efforts that have not produced a single surviving tree.

What is afforestation example?

: the act or process of establishing a forest especially on land not previously forested.

What kinds of pasture may be used?

Pasture and hay forage crops generally fall into four categories:

  • Legumes.
  • Cool Season Grasses.
  • Warm Season Grasses.
  • Alternative/annual forages.

Who introduced Taungya system in India?

The taungya (taung = hill, ya = cultivation) is a Burmese word coined in Burma in 1850s. The taungya system was introduced into India by Brandis in 1890 and the first taungya plantations were raised in 1896 in North Bengal.

What is Brashing?

Brashing is the removal of all the lower branches to a height of approximately 2 metres (head height). Brashing is labour intensive and is often only carried out where access is needed for draining, crop inspection, game bird rearing and so on.

Who invented agroforestry?

Agroforestry was formally outlined in the early 20th century by American economic geographer J. Russell Smith in his book Tree Crops: A Permanent Agriculture (1929). Smith viewed tree-based “permanent agriculture” as a solution to the destructive erosion that often followed the cultivation of sloping lands.

What is a zero grazing unit?

Zero grazing is a system where the cattle are usually kept in the farm and farmers bring the feed and water to the animals. … With good planning, many dairy animals can be kept on a relatively small piece of land, making this system suitable in areas where a farmer owns a limited amount of land for grazing.

What are the disadvantages of rotational grazing?

Disadvantages for rotational grazing are: takes more labor than continuous grazing to set up paddocks; more expense involved due to temporary fencing materials and necessary infrastructure to provide water in all paddocks.