Which Crop Has Epigeal Germination?


The epicotyl, which is the region of an embryo plant above the cotyledon, grows longer while pushing the plumule out of the soil. All monocotyledons such as maize, rice, wheat, and coconut show hypogeal germination. However, some dicotyledons such as groundnut, gram and pea show hypogeal germination.

Where does epigeal germination take place?

In epigeal germination, the cotyledons are pushed above the ground and then germination takes place above the ground. The cotyledons are pushed upwards due to the elongation hypocotyl. The hypocotyl lies between the radicle and cotyledons.

Which Monocot shows epigeal germination?

Epigeal germination: In this sort of germination, the hypocotyl extends quickly and curves upwards pulling the cotyledons which move over the soil. Bean, cotton, papaya, gourd, castor and onion have germination of this sort. One of the main examples for epigeal germination is the common bean.

What are the 2 types of germination?

There are two types of germination:

  • Epigeal Germination: In this type of germination, the hypocotyl elongates rapidly and arches upwards pulling the cotyledons which move above the soil. …
  • Hypogeal Germination: In this type of germination, the epicotyl elongates and the cotyledons remain below the soil.

What are the 4 stages of germination?

The Seed Germination Process :

  • Imbibition: water fills the seed.
  • The water activates enzymes that begin the plant’s growth.
  • The seed grows a root to access water underground.
  • The seed grows shoots that grow towards the sun.
  • The shoots grow leaves and begin photmorphogenesis. Was this answer helpful?

Is bean epigeal or hypogeal?

An example of a plant with epigeal germination is the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). The opposite of epigeal is hypogeal (underground germination).

Are cucumbers epigeal?

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) has epigeal emergence, in which the hypocotyl pulls the cotyledons out of the soil after the initial development of primary and secondary roots (Nelson & Larson, 1984). … Cucumber seedling depends on seed reserves only during the pre-emergence growth.

Is tomato epigeal or hypogeal?

The first leaves to develop, the cotyledons, derive from the seed and may emerge from the testa while still in the soil, as in peach and broad bean (hypogeal germination), or be carried with the testa into the air, where the cotyledons then expand (epigeal germination), e.g. in tomatoes and cherry.

Is Mustard epigeal?

Epigeal Germination: When hypocotyl grows first, it pushes the cotyledons and other parts of the seed out of the soil. This germination is called epigeal. E.g.: Helianthus (sunflower), mustard, cucurbits, castor, Onion, Tamarindus, French bean, Alisma.

What comes out first in Epigeal germination?

Epigeal Germination:

In this type of seed germination the cotyledons come out of the soil, e.g., Castor. 2. The cotyledons are brought out of the soil by the excessive growth of the hypocotyl.

What triggers germination?

Water triggers germination to start and is needed throughout the germination process. Soil should be moist, but not saturated with water. Some seeds require more water than others. … When a seed is exposed to the proper conditions, water and oxygen are absorbed through the seed coat and cause the embryo cells to enlarge.

Is Watermelon an epigeal?

Epigeal plants: In this type of germination, seeds/cotyledons emerge out of the soil or above the soil. Examples: Common Beans, Castor, Sunflower, Pumpkin, Watermelon, Cucumber, Gourds, Lilies.


Is Sunflower epigeal germination?

Complete answer: – Epigeal germination is the type where the cotyledons are above the soil surface as the hypocotyl elongates very rapidly. The epicotyl remains unchanged in length. – Examples of epigeal germination are cotton, sunflower, castor, and bean (or common bean).

What are the examples of Hypogeal germination?

Hypogeal Germination Seed Examples –

  • Among the dicotyledons, pea, gram, and groundnut are some prominent examples.
  • In monocotyledons, maize, coconut, rice, and wheat are some common examples.

What are the 3 conditions necessary for germination?

All seeds need water, oxygen, and proper temperature in order to germinate. Some seeds require proper light also. Some germinate better in full light while others require darkness to germinate. When a seed is exposed to the proper conditions, water and oxygen are taken in through the seed coat.

Do U germinate seeds in the dark?

Tip. Most seeds germinate best when they’re placed in the dark. The presence of light, which is crucial to seedling development, may actually stunt the process of germination.

What are the 5 stages of germination?

Such five changes or steps occurring during seed germination are: (1) Imbibition (2) Respiration (3) Effect of Light on Seed Germination(4) Mobilization of Reserves during Seed Germination and Role of Growth Regulators and (5) Development of Embryo Axis into Seedling.

What are the six stages of germination?

For humans, the progression is infant, toddler, adolescent, young adult, middle aged adult, and senior citizen, while plants go from seed to sprout, then through vegetative, budding, flowering and ripening stages.

Can seeds be too old to grow?

The answer is, yes, seeds will eventually go bad and no longer germinate, but it can take quite a long time. … Most seeds, though not all, will keep for at least three years while maintaining a decent percentage of germination. And even a group of very old seeds may have 10 or 20 percent that still sprouts.

What are the examples of germination?

In such seeds the epicotyl (i.e., part of embryonic axis between plumule and cotyledons) elongates pushing the plumule out of the soil. All monocotyledons show hypogeal germination. Among dicotyledons, gram, pea, groundnut are some common examples of hypogeal germination.

What is germination give an example?

Germination in plants is the process by which a dormant seed begins to sprout and grow into a seedling under the right growing conditions. In bacteria or fungi, germination is the process in which a spore begins to grow vegetative cells, and sporeling hyphae. Related forms: germinate (verb).

Is maize a hypogeal?

In peas and corn (maize) the cotyledons (seed leaves) remain underground (e.g., hypogeal germination), while in other species (beans, sunflowers, etc.)

How do good condition help a seed to grow?

Answer: Seeds wait to germinate until three needs are met: water, correct temperature, and a good location (such as in soil). During its early stages of growth, the seedling relies upon the food supplies stored with it in the seed until it is large enough for its own leaves to begin making food through photosynthesis.