What Languages Have Macrons?


Since about 2015, macrons have rapidly become standard usage for Māori loanwords in New Zealand English in media, law, government, and education. Recently some anglicised words have been replaced with spellings that better reflect the original Māori word (Whanganui for Wanganui, Remutaka for Rimutaka).

Are macrons necessary in Latin?

Well, you are lucky, but in the US, many of the universities use books like Wheelock’s that strongly emphasize macrons, both in English-to-Latin and Latin-to-English exercises (from Wheelock’s: “Students should regard macrons as part of the spelling of a word”).

Did the Romans use macrons?

A macron is a diacritical mark, which, in modern Latin texts, is sometimes used to mark a long vowel: ā, ē, ī, ō, ū, ȳ. From Roman uses of diacritical marks, I understand that the ancient Romans did not use macrons (they occasionally used an apex instead).

What is the bar over a letter called?

Diacritics are marks placed above or below (or sometimes next to) a letter in a word to indicate a particular pronunciation—in regard to accent, tone, or stress—as well as meaning, especially when a homograph exists without the marked letter or letters.

What is the difference between Ü and ū?

Different publications use different conventions. If said book uses “ū” to mean the vowel in smooth, i.e. /uː/ or /u/ in IPA-based conventions, and ü in Merriam-Webster, then it is. You can never expect a symbol in one source to represent the same thing in another.

Where do Macrons go in Latin?

In Latin, the accent is always on one of two syllables, the next to the last (penult) or the second to the last (antepenult). The accent is never on the last syllable. In Latina Christiana and the Forms Series, words of two syllables are unmarked, since the accent must be on the penult.

What do Macrons mean in Latin?

Macrons (long vowel marks) are a guide for pronunciation, indicating the difference between long and short vowels.

How do you write Macrons in Latin?

Hold down the right “Alt” (AltGr) key. While still holding down on the right “alt” key, press the “a” key on your keyboard. Release all keys. Now the next vowel you type in will have a macron placed above it.

Do Tainui use Macrons?

Always use macrons, missing macrons is a spelling mistake. Two exceptions are Ngati Porou don’t use macrons and Waikato-Tainui use double vowels. The use other iwi dialects shows that you are affiliated in some way to that iwi.

What is ō called?

ō (upper case Ō) The twenty-first letter of the Samogitian alphabet, called ėlguojė ō and written in the Latin script.

What is Ī called?

Ī (upper case, lower case ī) The fourteenth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called garais ī and written in the Latin script.

How is ä pronounced?

Pronouncing the umlaut Ä


The short Ä is pronounced like the “e” in the word “bet” in English. It is like saying “eh”. The long Ä on the other hand is simply taking the short one and keeping the sound, so making it longer. It is like saying the “ay” in “say”.

What does ā mean in Latin?

from, away, out of (abl)

What language uses Ō?

Ö in other languages

Its name in Finnish, Swedish, Icelandic, Estonian, Azeri, Turkish, Turkmen, Uyghur, Crimean Tatar, Hungarian, Votic and Volapük is Öö , not “O with two dots” since /ø/ is not a variant of the vowel /o/ but a distinct phoneme.

What does Nga mihi?

congratulations and congratulations. Last Update: 2021-08-20.

What does ē mean?

ē (singular lē) (plural only) who; that; which.

How do you add Latin Macrons in Word?

How to Use Macrons in MS Word

  1. Open Word and a new or existing document. …
  2. Click on “More Symbols.” In the “Symbol” dialog box, click the “Symbols” tab. …
  3. Select the letter with the macron from the “Font” field and click “Insert.” The “Symbol” dialog box remains visible.

What is the symbol for long vowel called?

The diacritical mark for the long vowel sound is called the macron.

What is the straight line above a letter called?

A diacritical mark is a symbol that tells a reader how to pronounce a letter. … Diacritical marks can be squiggles, lines, or dots, and they can hover above a letter or be attached to it. They’re also known as diacritics or accents.

What is the line over an O called?

Ø (or minuscule: ø) is a vowel and a letter used in the Danish, Norwegian, Faroese, and Southern Sami languages. … Though not its native name, among English-speaking typographers the symbol may be called a “slashed O” or “o with stroke”.

What does U mean in German?

A glyph, U with umlaut, appears in the German alphabet. It represents the umlauted form of u, which results in when long and when short. The letter is collated together with U, or as UE.

Is there a U in Spanish?

Dieresis: ü

In Spanish, the dieresis is only found on the letter U, and only in front of E or I. When a U is followed by a hard vowel, as in guapo, the W sound / diphthong is automatic. … It’s the dieresis that indicates that the U has its own sound in words like vergüenza., pronounced .

What is the symbol above the U called?

The most common accents are the acute (é), grave (è), circumflex (â, î or ô), tilde (ñ), umlaut and dieresis (ü or ï – the same symbol is used for two different purposes), and cedilla (ç). Accent marks (also referred to as diacritics or diacriticals) usually appear above a character.