What Is Cross Grain?


The term “heavyweight” simply refers to a thicker garment. Heavyweight cotton sweatshirts will weigh slightly more than lightweight options, but they are made of thicker materials and retain heat better. … You can enjoy your cotton sweatshirt for years thanks to the premium material it is made with.

Is a 9 oz sweatshirt heavy?

The 9.5-10 oz are considered heavy weight.

What is a good weight for sweatshirts?

A medium Gildan 50/50 Hoodie weighs 544 grams / 19.2oz. And an XL Gildan Zip Hoodie weighs 596 grams / 21oz. So, an average hoodie will probably weigh about 450 grams for small sizes up to 700 grams for 2XL depending on the size and make of hoodie.

What causes cross grain?

Cross grain is when a board of wood is cut so the growth lines in the wood are not parallel with the long edge of the board. … This change in the properties of the wood can actually cause it to develop weak spots that can result in broken joints, splitting and cracking.

Can I cut on cross grain?

Occasionally you’ll want to cut a garment on the cross grain to take advantage of a pattern like horizontal stripes or a border print along the selvedge of the fabric. Don’t worry too much about the difference between cross grain and length grain when this is the case; the difference isn’t so important.

Which way is the grain on fabric?

Fabric grain refers to the direction of the warp and weft threads used in weaving the fabric. Straight grain is in the direction of the warp threads, which run parallel to the selvages, and cross grain runs in the direction of the weft threads, which run perpendicular to the selvage edges.

Does it matter which way you cut fabric?

The fabric grain is important because it determines how your garment should be cut and whether or not your garment will hang correctly on your body after it’s sewn. Fabric grain is straight when the cross grain is at a right angle to the straight grain.

What is the symbol of grain line?

Grainline Mark – This mark is a horizontal line with arrows pointing out on either end; line this up with the grain of your fabric as you position your pattern pieces. (The grain of your fabric is parallel to the selvage edges).

What happens if you don’t cut fabric on the grain?

The grain will affect how the fabric moves as it’s pulled. … It’s not uncommon to be given a direction like “cut against the grain”. If you make a mistake and sew along the bias or against the grain, then you could find your fabric starts to pucker in places. It may also start to stretch in areas that shouldn’t stretch.

What does cross cut mean in quilting?

Crosscutting means to cut pieces or strips from quilting fabric in alignment with the cross-grain of the fabric. … These run the width of your fabric, from one selvage edge to the other.


What is cross grain on fabric?

The cross grain runs perpendicular to the selvedge and parallel to the weft threads. The cross grain generally has more stretch than the straight grain since the weft threads are generally looser than the warp during weaving.

Why is the grain crisscrossed when making plywood?

The crisscross pattern lends good strength both along and across the sheet, so cutting a thin strip lengthwise or widthwise shouldn’t really matter much. Of course, the longer and narrower the strip, the weaker it will be either way.

How do you determine the grain slope of wood?

The best way to measure slope of grain is to find the worst section in the piece, measure 300 mm along the length, and find out what the rise is over that distance. (Notice that to reduce the rise of 20 mm to a benchmark of ‘1’, you simply divide it by 20.

What is slope of grain?

Slope of grain is measured by the angle between the direction of the fibres and the edge of the piece, with the angle being expressed as a slope. When both sloping grain and spiral grain.

What does Wof stand for in quilting?

WOF: Width Of Fabric (“Cut 20 strips, 3 inches by WOF.”)

How do you cut fabric against the grain?

When we cut a pattern out, the best way is to fold the fabric carefully on the straight grain of the fabric, lining up the selvages . If you need to straighten the ends of your fabric, take a snip through the selvage near one end. Then pull a horizontal thread.

Do you have to cut fabric on the grain?

Cutting fabric on grain is important because it will ensure that our garment stretches out and wears evenly. It keeps the fabric’s threads happy and level. You see, each pieces of fabric is made of thousands of threads.

How do you tell which way the grain line is?

On fabric, when you say grainline, it refers to the direction of the yarns along the warp thread ie lengthwise yarn. This is the lengthwise grain. The weft thread is referred to as the crosswise grainline. The crosswise grain is perpendicular to length or warp grain.

How do you know the grain of meat?

To identify which direction the grain of the meat is running, look for the parallel lines of muscle fiber running down the meat, and slice perpendicular to them. For those cuts that have fibers running in different directions, it’s vital to “read the meat” and adjust the direction in which you’re slicing.

Which side is the selvage?

Fabric selvage is the tightly woven edge that runs along each side of a piece of fabric’s lengthwise grain, which is also called the fabric’s warp. Selvage edges can be seen on the edges of quilting fabric that are at the top and bottom of a bolt of fabric.

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