What Is A Submaximal Exercise Test?


Submaximal tests use heart rate response to submaximal power output to estimate VO2max ; thus, any factor that alters heart rate response reduces the accuracy of the test. Non-exercise tests are as accurate as sub maximal tests, but require a self-report rating.

What is the difference between submaximal and maximal testing?

The test protocols do not reach the maximum of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Submaximal tests are used because maximal tests can be dangerous in individuals who are not considered normal healthy subjects and for elite athletes maximal tests would disrupt training load balance.

What is an example of a submaximal test?

Studies were required to have assessed the psychometric properties of any of the following submaximal exercise tests to be eligible: Åstrand test; modified Åstrand test; Lean body mass-based Åstrand test; submaximal bicycle ergometer test following a protocol other than the Åstrand test; 2-km walk test; shuttle walk …

What does submaximal mean?

: less than maximal : not at the greatest or highest possible level submaximal exertion One hundred twenty asymptomatic patients underwent a submaximal treadmill exercise test two to three weeks after an acute myocardial infarction. — JAMA.

What is the best submaximal test?

The 6- and 12-minute walk test are commonly used submaximal tests in the aging population and in a wide variety of chronic illnesses (e.g. COPD, oncology setting). This is a clinical relevant, and easy to administer test that does not require excessive cost.

How does Apple watch measure VO2 max?

Apple Watch Series 3 or later can record an estimate of your VO2 max using the heart and motion sensors during an outdoor walk, run, or hike. It can also estimate your VO2 max if you start an outdoor walk, run, or hike in the Workout app.

What is the purpose of the submaximal test?

Purpose: Submaximal aerobic exercise testing is utilized with a variety of populations to assess fitness level and predict maximal oxygen uptake (VO2peak) when a maximal test is not possible or preferable.

What are the 4 modes of exercise testing?

Maximal test (exercise stress test; EST) Cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) Submaximal test (six-minute walk test; 6MWT) Submaximal treadmill test.

How do you calculate submaximal VO2?

  1. Use one submaximal HR and one workload.
  2. Steady-state HR should reach between 130-150 bpm.
  3. Calculate SM VO2 and METS using ACSM equation (remember… 1MET= 3.5 ml/kg/min)
  4. VO2 (male)= SM VO2 (expressed as METs) x (Hrmax-61)/ (HRsm- 61)
  5. VO2 (female)= SM VO2 (expressed at METs) x (Hrmax-72)/ HRsm –72)

Is the step test valid?

Conclusions: Six-minute step test is a reliable and valid test. Moreover, the number of steps may be predicted by demographic and anthropometric variables with moderate strength of prediction.

What is a submaximal VO2?

The VO2 Submax Test follows a similar protocol as the VO2 Max but the test is terminated at approximately 85% of the client’s predicted maximum capacity (determined by heart rate). This is a less invasive test (without use of the metabolic analyzer) and provides data to determine appropriate training zones.

What are three assumptions of submaximal testing?

Heart rate is allowed to reach steady-state at each stage of the test. The age-predicted maximal HR is uniform (220 J age) with a prediction error of 10% to 15%. A linear relationship exists between HR and oxygen uptake. Mechanical efficiency is the same for everyone (e.g., VO2 at a given work rate).


When do you stop submaximal testing?

Test termination criteria

In addition, any exercise test intended to be classified as a “submaximal” exercise test should be stopped when a heart rate of 85% of age-adjusted maximal heart rate (AAMHR) is achieved as per definition of “submaximal” by ACSM guidelines.

What is submaximal treadmill test?

Following a 3-min walking warm-up stage, the TMJ test requires participants to jog at a self-selected submaximal jogging speed between 4.3 and 7.5 mph at level grade until a steady-state heart rate (HR) ≤ 180 bpm (beats per minute) is achieved (George et al., 1993a.

What is Astrand step test?

Do it right: the Astrand-Rhyming step test (aka Astrand test) is a submaximal VO2 peak assessment.

What is submaximal aerobic test?

The submaximal aerobic fitness test is a graded exercise test performed on a bicycle. This test will give you an accurate estimate of your aerobic fitness level, allowing you to compare your cardiovascular fitness to others in your age group.

What is the step test?

The Step Test is designed to measure a person’s aerobic fitness. Participants step up and down, on and off an aerobics- type step for THREE minutes to increase heart rate and to evaluate the heart’s recovery rate during the minute immediately following the step test exercise.

How quickly can VO2 max improve?

How long does it take? If you’re currently inactive, you’ll likely notice improvements in your aerobic capacity in about four to six weeks after you start training. The fitter you are, the longer it will take to see an increase in your Vo2 max.

What’s a good VO2 max score?

Elite male runners have shown VO2 maxes of up to 85 mL/kg/min, and elite female runners have scored up to 77 mL/kg/min. A good VO2 max for a 25-year-old male is 42.5-46.4 mL/kg/min, while a good value for a 25-year-old female is 33.0-36.9 mL/kg/min.

Why is my VO2 max falling?

An elevated heart rate is an indicator of higher fatigue from workouts. Average heart rate and VO2 Max are inversely related. If the average heart rate goes up it causes the Garmin VO2 Max to go down when training is increased either by intensity or distance or both.

What vo2 max test is most accurate?

The most accurate way to assess aerobic capacity is the direct measurement of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) during a graded exercise test (GXT); however, the direct measurement of VO2max is often limited to laboratory, clinical, and research settings.

What is submaximal heart rate?

Submaximal Heart Rate: Heart rate throughout various intensities between resting and maximal heart rate. Moderate submaximal intensity ranges from 50-75% of maximum heart rate, whereas vigorous submaximal intensity ranges from 75-99% of maximum heart rate.

How do you do the 3 minute step test at the YMCA?

Each beat requires a step. Right foot up on beat one, left foot on beat two (now you’re on the box) right foot down on three and left foot down on four. That’s it. Climb up and down for three minutes to this beat and at the end of the three minutes, sit down immediately and take your pulse for one full minute.