What Instruments Are Used In Symphonie Fantastique?


Though loosely based on sonata form, the Symphonie fantastique is unified by Berlioz’s use of an idée fixe. Berlioz used this term to describe the recurring theme that represents his love and obsession for Harriet Smithson.

What key is Marche au Supplice in?

“Un bal” (A Ball) – A major. “Scène aux champs” (Scene in the Fields) – F major. “Marche au supplice” (March to the Scaffold) – G minor.

What instruments are in March to the Scaffold?

The minimum number of instruments envisaged is: strings, flute 1, clarinet 1 & 2, clarinet 3 or bassoon, trumpets 1 & 2 and timpani (1 player, 2 drums). The clarinet 3 part partly covers the lack of bassoon, and similarly violin 3 for viola, although this can be used as an elementary part even if the violas are strong.

Is Symphonie Fantastique homophonic?

A homophonic chordal texture is presented in the Religiosamente ending (bar 511). Central to the melodic writing of Symphonie Fantastique is the idée fixe (a recurring theme which serves as a structural device). This theme is heard in all five movements of the work. … It is then repeated, altered down a fourth in bar 80.

What is the idee fixe?

Idée fixe, (French: “fixed idea”) in music and literature, a recurring theme or character trait that serves as the structural foundation of a work. The term was later used in psychology to refer to an irrational obsession that so dominates an individual’s thoughts as to determine his or her actions.

What time signature is Marche au Supplice?

It haslow energyand isnot very danceablewith a time signature of4 beats per bar.

What is the fourth movement of the Symphonie Fantastique about?

In the fourth movement Berlioz begins to reveal the truly sinister side of his imagination. The program notes read, “The Artist, knowing beyond all doubt that his love is not returned, poisons himself with opium. The narcotic plunges him into sleep, accompanied by the most horrible visions.”

What is the story behind March to the Scaffold?

The “March to the Scaffold” is the fourth of five movements in the Symphonie Fantastique. The symphony as a whole tells the story, in music, of a troubled young artist and his quest for his true love. … The symphony’s final movement imagines the young artist, still in his opium dream, transported to hell.

How many movements are in Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique quizlet?

Symphonie Fantastique is a program symphony inspired by the longstanding infatuation of Berlioz with actress Harriet Smithson. Its performing forces are an expanded symphony orchestra and there are 5 movements.

Why does Berlioz use two pairs of horns in two different keys?

Many examples can be seen of Berlioz writing “dovetailed” horn parts, a trick where a composer writes for a pair of horns, each in a different key, one pair stop when the music starts to stray into difficult territory with the other pair crooked into a key that facilitates the rest of the music being played, so the …

What is the Dies Irae in Symphonie Fantastique?

Witches and hideous monsters shriek, groan, and cackle amid quotes of the Dies Irae (the ancient chant evoking the Day of Wrath). The idée fixe now degenerates into a vulgar, grotesque parody of itself. Berlioz’s music evokes dramatic scenes.

Why is it called Symphonie Fantastique?

The official title of the piece is Episode de la Vie d’un Artiste (An Episode in the Life of the Artist), but it is always called by its subtitle Symphonie Fantastique which means Fantasy Symphony. … Berlioz himself wrote down the story that the music describes, just as Beethoven had done with his Sixth Symphony.


Which is true of Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique?

Which of the following is true of Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique? The program is thought to be autobiographical. In Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique, the idée fixe: … In his Symphonie fantastique, Berlioz used a recurrent theme that he called the idée fixe, symbolizing the beloved.

What purpose did the Dies Irae melody have in Hector Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique?

It is used in the fifth movement, Dream of a Witches’ Sabbath, of Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique as a symbol for death and the macabre.

What is the title of the fourth movement in Symphonie Fantastique?

Fourth movement: “Marche au supplice” (March to the Scaffold) From Berlioz’s program notes: Convinced that his love is unappreciated, the artist poisons himself with opium. The dose of narcotic, while too weak to cause his death, plunges him into a heavy sleep accompanied by the strangest of visions.

What is the program of Dream of a Witches Sabbath?

Dream of a Witches’ Sabbath is the fifth movement of the symphony, entitle in French Songe d’une nuit du sabbat. Quoting Berlioz: He sees himself at a witches’ sabbath, in the midst of a hideous gathering of shades, sorcerers and monsters of every kind who have come together for his funeral.

What is the Dies Irae and what does it represent in music how does that fit the story of this symphony?

The Dies irae (meaning Day of Wrath) is a Gregorian chant. Also referred to as the Catholic Hymn for the Dead, it was sung at funerals. … This movement includes a full chorus and a quartet of solo singers (a soprano, alto, tenor, and baritone). *Example of Beethoven expanding the genre of the symphony.

What is romantic about the program and music of Symphonie Fantastique?

What is Romantic about the program and music of Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique? Berlioz combined musical creativity with personal storytelling. The Symphonie fantastique was intense, bold, and passionate.

Which of the following is the most famous musical composition of Berlioz?

Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)

His most famous work is Symphonie Fantastique. Berlioz was one of the most influential of all 19th-century conductors. He started out as a medical student, he swapped disciplines mid-course and started his formal music studies at the Paris Conservatoire in 1826.

Which of the following made improved instruments possible in the nineteenth century?

Which of the following made improved instruments possible in the nineteenth century? Adolphe Sax developed the saxophone in the middle of the nineteenth century.

Which instrument is playing the idée fixe?

After the idée fixe is played by a solo instrument, the guillotine blade drops on the lovesick artist and his head falls below. How does Berlioz use music to describe the action?

Which composer had the greatest success in writing lieder?

Franz Schubert is best remembered for his songs—also called lieder—and his chamber music. He also created symphonies, masses, and piano works. His most notable works included Erlkönig, written in 1815 and based on a poem by Goethe; Ave Maria!, written in 1825; and the Symphony No.

Who invented the leitmotif?

Richard Wagner is the earliest composer most specifically associated with the concept of leitmotif. His cycle of four operas, Der Ring des Nibelungen (the music for which was written between 1853 and 1869), uses hundreds of leitmotifs, often related to specific characters, things, or situations.