What Attaches To The Posterior Calcaneus?


The calcaneus (heel bone) is the largest of the tarsal bones in the foot. It lies at the back of the foot (hindfoot) below the three bones that make up the ankle joint.

What do we call the back of the foot?

The two bones that make up the back part of the foot (sometimes referred to as the hindfoot) are the talus and the calcaneus, or heel bone. The talus is connected to the calcaneus at the subtalar joint.

What is the back part of your heel called?

The Achilles tendon is a tough band of fibrous tissue that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone (calcaneus). The Achilles tendon is also called the calcaneal tendon. … When the calf muscles flex, the Achilles tendon pulls on the heel. This movement allows us to stand on our toes when walking, running, or jumping.

Where is the calcaneus found?

The calcaneus is a roughly rectangular prism-shaped bone located inferior to the talus and posterior to the midfoot. The long axis of the prism extends approximately along the mid-line of the foot.

Does a calcaneus fracture require surgery?

Rearfoot fractures of either the heel bone (calcaneus) typically occur after a high impact/velocity injury, such as a fall from height or motor vehicle accident. Due to the force of the injury, the damage is often extensive and often requires surgery.

What does the calcaneus sit on top of?

The calcaneus is located in the hindfoot with the talus and is the largest bone of the foot. It is commonly referred to as the heel. It articulates with the talus superiorly and the cuboid anteriorly and shares a joint space with the talonavicular joint, appropriately called the talocalcaneonavicular joint.

Is the calcaneal region is on the posterior side of the body?

The calcaneal region is on the posterior side of the body. The bones of the leg are described as deep, while the ears are attached superficially.

What is posterior calcaneal?

A posterior calcaneal spur develops on the back of the heel at the insertion of the Achilles tendon. An inferior calcaneal spur consists of a calcification of the calcaneus, which lies superior to the plantar fascia at the insertion of the plantar fascia.

What attaches to the calcaneus?

Three muscles insert on the calcaneus: the gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantaris. These muscles are part of the posterior compartment of the leg and aid in walking, running and jumping. Their specific functions include plantarflexion of the foot, flexion of the knee, and steadying the leg on the ankle during standing.

What is the calcaneus function?

The heel bone and largest bone in the foot

The calcaneus is the bone that forms the heel of the foot. … The calcaneus is the largest bone of the foot and provides the foundation for all of the other tarsals and metatarsals. The calcaneus strikes the ground with every footfall when running or walking.

Is Haglund’s deformity genetic?

Haglund’s deformity may be a result of genetic foot structure that people cannot prevent in many cases. Wearing proper footwear and avoiding friction on the heel, however, is a good strategy for preventing this condition.

What causes a calcaneal stress fracture?

What causes Calcaneal Stress Fracture? A broken heel bone usually happens due to an acute, high-stress injury like a motor vehicle accident, a fall from a high position, or a traumatic twist of the ankle.


Can a calcaneus fracture heal on its own?

A heel fracture will heal on its own,” admits Dr. Anderson. “However, without medical treatment, the concern is whether these fractures will heal in the best position to minimize a potentially poor outcome. At worst, a heel fracture mends improperly.

Is a calcaneus fracture serious?

Calcaneal fractures can be serious injuries that may produce lifelong problems. Arthritis, stiffness and pain in the joint frequently develop. Sometimes the fractured bone fails to heal in the proper position.

How long does it take for a calcaneus fracture to heal?

General Treatment

Some, but not all, calcaneus fractures require surgery. The broken bone will take 3-4 months to heal with or without surgery. If surgery is not needed, there will still be a time where movement and weight bearing is limited.

How strong is the calcaneus?

The calcaneus/Achilles tendon is the strongest tendon in the body. The load during walking is estimated to be 2.5 times the body weight, and running may increase this up to 6–12 times (Komi et al. 1992; Merskey et al. 1994).

Why is the back of my heel so painful?

Heel pain, especially stabbing heel pain, is most often caused by plantar fasciitis, a condition that is sometimes also called heel spur syndrome when a spur is present. Heel pain may also be due to other causes, such as a stress fracture, tendonitis, arthritis, nerve irritation or, rarely, a cyst.

How do you treat pain in the back of your heel?

How can heel pain be treated?

  1. Rest as much as possible.
  2. Apply ice to the heel for 10 to 15 minutes twice a day.
  3. Take over-the-counter pain medications.
  4. Wear shoes that fit properly.
  5. Wear a night splint, a special device that stretches the foot while you sleep.
  6. Use heel lifts or shoe inserts to reduce pain.

What is the best exercise for heel pain?

Here are six exercises from physical therapists that you can try at home.

  1. Plantar Fascia Massage. Note: You should not experience pain during this exercise. …
  2. Heel Raise. …
  3. Floor Sitting Ankle Inversion With Resistance. …
  4. Seated Toe Towel Scrunches. …
  5. Seated Plantar Fascia Stretch. …
  6. Wall-Facing Calf Stretch.

What is the common name for calcaneus?

The calcaneus, also known as the heel bone, is found at the back of the foot near the ankle, just below the talus, tibia, and fibula bones of the lower leg.

How do you palpate the calcaneus?

The lateral wall of the calcaneus (E) can be palpated with little difficulty inferior and posterior to the tip of the fibula. If this lateral wall is palpated distal and inferior to the tip of the fibula, the peroneal tubercle (F) can be felt as the calcaneal neck nears the calcaneocuboid joint.

Does the Achilles tendon attach to the calcaneus?

Overview and anatomy

The Achilles tendon is a thick tendon located in the back of the leg. It connects the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles in the calf to an insertion point at the calcaneus (heel bone). It is the strongest tendon in the body and allows people to push off while walking, running and jumping.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.