Is VUR Serious?


This type of surgery usually requires a few days’ stay in the hospital, during which a catheter is kept in place to drain your child’s bladder. Vesicoureteral reflux may persist in a small number of children, but it generally resolves on its own without need for further intervention.

How do you fix urinary reflux?

How is secondary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) treated?

  1. Surgery to remove a blockage or correct an abnormal bladder or ureter.
  2. Antibiotics to prevent or treat a UTI.
  3. Intermittent catheterization (draining the bladder of urine by inserting a thin tube, called a catheter, through the urethra to the bladder).

What happens when urine goes back up into the kidneys?

Vesicoureteral reflux happens when urine flows backward through the ureter from the bladder up into the kidney. Normally, urine flows only one way in the ureter. Urine flowing the wrong way makes it difficult for the kidney to empty properly and causes the kidney to swell.

What are the first signs of kidney problems?

Signs of Kidney Disease

  • You’re more tired, have less energy or are having trouble concentrating. …
  • You’re having trouble sleeping. …
  • You have dry and itchy skin. …
  • You feel the need to urinate more often. …
  • You see blood in your urine. …
  • Your urine is foamy. …
  • You’re experiencing persistent puffiness around your eyes.

Can drinking too much water cause hydronephrosis?

In the presence of vigorous oral hydration, however, mild or moderate hydronephrosis is a frequent occurrence seen at least once in 80% of our study of healthy volunteers after hydration.

How is vesicoureteral reflux diagnosed?

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) can only be diagnosed by a test called a cystogram, in which a catheter is placed through the urethra into the bladder, and the bladder is filled with fluid. This procedure allows doctors to see the reverse flow of urine toward the kidney.

Is vesicoureteral reflux common?

Children with primary vesicoureteral reflux are born with a defect in the valve that normally prevents urine from flowing backward from the bladder into the ureters. Primary vesicoureteral reflux is the more common type.

What are the symptoms of urinary reflux?

Urinary reflux itself does not cause symptoms. But children may have symptoms if a urinary tract infection develops. Then children may have fever, may have pain in their abdomen or back, and may urinate more than normal or have burning when they urinate.

How is VUR surgery done?

VUR Grade 4-5

The procedure can be performed through open surgery, laparoscopic surgery, and robotic surgery. Open surgery is done through a lower abdominal incision (bikini incision), the bladder is opened and the ureters are repaired in such a way to prevent more reflux.

How common is VUR?

How common is vesicoureteral reflux? VUR is a condition that affects about 1 to 3 percent of all children. However, there are certain groups of children in whom VUR is much more common, including: children who have hydronephrosis or excessive fluid in the kidneys.

How long does kidney reflux surgery take?

The surgery will last about 2-3 hours. A surgery nurse will come out from time to time to let you know how your child is doing. Your child may have a drainage tubes such as an urethral catheter left after surgery.


What does VUR stand for?

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is when the flow of urine goes the wrong way. This condition is more common among infants and young children. Urine, which is the liquid waste product from your body, normally flows one way. It travels down from the kidneys, then into tubes called the ureters and gets stored in your bladder.

Why does my pee go backwards?

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is when pee moves backward from the bladder to the kidneys. Normally, pee flows from the kidneys down to the bladder. Kids with mild cases of VUR often don’t need treatment. Those with more serious symptoms might need to take antibiotics to prevent infection.

What is reflux nephropathy?

Reflux nephropathy is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged by the backward flow of urine into the kidney.

Can acid reflux affect your bladder?

In mild reflux, urine backs up just a short distance into the ureter. If reflux is severe, it can result in kidney infections and permanent kidney damage. A urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common indication of VUR, but it does not cause it.

What does a VCUG test for?

A voiding cystourethrogram, or VCUG, is a study used to look at bladder and urethral abnormalities and to determine if you have ureteral reflux. Ureteral reflux means urine in the bladder is flowing back into the ureters (the tubes leading from the kidneys to the bladder).

Can vesicoureteral reflux cause kidney stones?

Urolithiasis is relatively common in children, and identifiable predisposing factors for stone formation, including metabolic and structural derangements, can be established in most cases. Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a common cause of kidney stone formation.

When do you suspect VUR?

VUR is usually diagnosed when a urinary tract infection (UTI) is suspected. Your doctor will ask about the history of your child’s symptoms and do a physical exam. The following tests may be recommended if UTI is suspected: A urine culture, to check for a UTI.

Can ultrasound detect VUR?

The sensitivity of ultrasound for detection of VUR was 40% (95% CI: 24% to 56%); specificity was 76% (95% CI: 69% to 83%). The positive predictive value of ultrasound for VUR was 32% (95% CI: 18% to 46%) and the negative predictive value was 82% (95% CI: 75% to 89%).

What is the prognosis of VUR?

About 30% of children with urinary tract infections will be diagnosed with VUR after a voiding cystourethrogram. For most, VUR will resolve spontaneously; 20% to 30% will have further infections, but few will experience long-term renal sequelae.

Is drinking water at night bad for kidneys?

Given the quantity of blood that filters through your kidneys on an hourly basis, those few extra cups are as insignificant to your kidneys as barnacles are to a battleship. So the best time to drink water is not at night. It’s when you are thirsty.

How long does hydronephrosis last?

Kidney function will begin decreasing almost immediately with the onset of hydronephrosis but is reversible if the swelling resolves. Usually kidneys recover well even if there is an obstruction lasting up to 6 weeks.

Which fruit is best for kidney?

The fruits below can be a healthful sweet snack for people with CKD:

  • cranberries.
  • strawberries.
  • blueberries.
  • raspberries.
  • red grapes.
  • cherries.