The birth of the Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler has been celebrated by Google with a Google Doodle interactive.
Euler was without a doubt the most important mathematician of the 18th century, and one of the greatest of all time. He introduced the most modern mathematical terminology and labeling and was also known for his work in mechanics, fluid dynamics, optics, and astronomy.
Euler was born in Basel on 15 April 1707. He learned by Johann Bernoulli, a family friend, who was also the leading mathematician of Europe.
When Euler’s father tried to get him to become a priest, Bernoulli convinced him that his son had the potential to be a great mathematician.
He traveled to Russia, where it flourished until foreign intellectuals became popular, and he moved to Berlin.
When Catherine the Great succeeded to the throne, Euler returned to Russia, where he died in 1783.